Church of England Key Dates

c0 Birth of Jesus in Roman Palestine
c0-33 Mission of Jesus, a charismatic teacher of Galilee, in Galilee and Jude; appoints 12 followers, "Apostles"
c33 Execution of Jesus by crucifixion, reported resurrection from the dead and Pentecostal infusion of the Holy Spirit
c40-60 Mission of the 'Apostle' Paul, primarily to the Gentiles, who writes letters which affirm the beginnings of Christian doctrine
c51 The Council of Jerusalem tilts the new Christian sect away from Judaism towards the Gentiles
c60-100 Four accounts of the life of Jesus are written, attributed to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
c0130 The Didache, the first extant account of Christian worship and practice
c100-300 Growth in Christian 'church' in the Roman Empire in spite of persecution
293 Division of the Roman Empire into a Greek speaking East and Latin speaking West
313 'Conversion' of the Emperor Constantine to the support of Christianity
325 Council of Nicea establishes the first authoritative Credal statement, including the Godhead of Jesus and, consequently, the Holy Trinity
410 Sack of Rome by the Vandals shakes the Roman world; Saint Augustine writes his City of God and crystallises the doctrine of 'Original Sin'
451 Council of Chalcedon declares Jesus to inhere a divine and human nature in one person
476 Fall of the Latin Roman Empire to the Visigoths
590-604 Pope Gregory I "The Great"; 'mission' to "England
731 Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England
800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III
1054 Schism between Greek 'Orthodox' and Latin Catholic Christianity
1095 Preaching of First Crusade
1077 Canossa; Henry IV undertakes public penance before Pope Gregory VII
1213 Pope Innocent III calls the Fourth Lateran Council
1378-1415 Papal Schism of Avignon
1436 Guttenberg invents movable type for printing
1453 Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Turks
1492 Columbus sails for The Indies'
1517 Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of Wittenberg Cathedral
1534 King Henry VIII of England temporarily breaks with Rome
1545-63 The Council of Trent solidifies the Roman Catholic reaction to the Reformation for 400 years
1642-51 The English Civil War fought over, inter alia, the role of bishops in an 'established church', concludes with the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660 and the Glorious Revolution' of 1688
1789 The French Revolution
1795 John Wesley leaves the Church of England
1840 Birth of the 'Oxford' or 'Tractarian' movement
1868 The First Vatican Council declares Papal infallibility in matters of faith and morals (ultramontanism)
1886-88 The Chicago/Lambeth Quadrilateral
1962-5 The Second Vatican Council 'opens' the Roman Catholic Church to the world
1970 Foundation of the General Synod of the Church of England
1992 The General Synod approves the ordination of women as priests
2012 The General Synod rejects the consecration of women as bishops